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Author Topic: Bei Fracking-Standorten haben Kinder ein niedrigeres Geburtsgewicht  (Read 199 times)


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Princeton/New Jersey – Neugeborene von Müttern, die in der Nähe von Fracking-Standorten wohnen, kommen häufiger mit einem niedrigen Geburtsgewicht und mit einem schlechteren Gesundheitszustand als Neugeborene aus anderen Regionen zur Welt. Dies geht aus einer Untersuchung in Science Advances (2017; 3: e1603021) hervor.


Hydraulic fracturing and infant health: New evidence from Pennsylvania

Janet Currie1,2,*, Michael Greenstone2,3 and Katherine Meckel4
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Science Advances  13 Dec 2017:
Vol. 3, no. 12, e1603021
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1603021
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The development of hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) is considered the biggest change to the global energy production system in the last half-century. However, several communities have banned fracking because of unresolved concerns about the impact of this process on human health. To evaluate the potential health impacts of fracking, we analyzed records of more than 1.1 million births in Pennsylvania from 2004 to 2013, comparing infants born to mothers living at different distances from active fracking sites and those born both before and after fracking was initiated at each site. We adjusted for fixed maternal determinants of infant health by comparing siblings who were and were not exposed to fracking sites in utero. We found evidence for negative health effects of in utero exposure to fracking sites within 3 km of a mother’s residence, with the largest health impacts seen for in utero exposure within 1 km of fracking sites. Negative health impacts include a greater incidence of low–birth weight babies as well as significant declines in average birth weight and in several other measures of infant health. There is little evidence for health effects at distances beyond 3 km, suggesting that health impacts of fracking are highly local. Informal estimates suggest that about 29,000 of the nearly 4 million annual U.S. births occur within 1 km of an active fracking site and that these births therefore may be at higher risk of poor birth outcomes.
Copyright © 2017 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC).
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.
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Science Advances: 3 (12)
Science Advances
Vol 3, No. 12
01 December 2017

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