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Author Topic: Eine doppel-blinde Geruchsprüfung? Ein Forschungsbetrug, der stinkt!  (Read 62 times)

Femlirita

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"The smell of lavender oil, known for its soothing effect on adults, has not been adequately investigated in regards to pain control in premature infants."

[b"]Design:
A double-blind randomized controlled clinical study."[/b]


Eine doppel-blinde Geruchsprüfung? Ein Forschungsbetrug, der stinkt!

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33259721/

[*quote*]
Randomized Controlled Trial J Altern Complement Med
. 2021 Feb;27(2):136-141. doi: 10.1089/acm.2020.0327. Epub 2020 Dec 1.
Pain Control with Lavender Oil in Premature Infants: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Study
Ceren Usta 1, Bilge Tanyeri-Bayraktar 2, Süleyman Bayraktar 3
Affiliations collapse
Affiliations
1Faculty of Medicine, Bezmialem Vakif University, Istanbul, Turkey.
2Department of Neonatology, Bezmialem Vakif University, Istanbul, Turkey.
3Department of Pediatric Intensive Care, Haseki Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
PMID: 33259721 DOI: 10.1089/acm.2020.0327

Abstract

Objectives:
Aromatherapy has become popular in pain control in recent years compared with other complementary methods. Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Miller) is a fragrant essential oil used in aromatherapy for its antibacterial, antifungal, muscle-relaxing, and analgesic effects. The smell of lavender oil, known for its soothing effect on adults, has not been adequately investigated in regards to pain control in premature infants. The purpose of our study was to assign the effect of the scent of lavender oil on pain in preterm infants during heel lancing.

Design:
A double-blind randomized controlled clinical study.


Settings/Location:
The study was conducted in a third-level neonatal intensive care unit of Bezmialem Vakif University Hospital from March 2019 to November 2019. It consisted of two groups. Subjects: Sixty-one premature babies (24-37 weeks of gestation) were enrolled in the study. Interventions: Heel stick sampling for metabolic screening was used for both study groups. The interventions were performed by two experienced nurses. Heart rate, oxygen saturation, and the baby's facial expression were recorded by a camera 3 min before the intervention, during the sampling, and 3 min after the procedure. After collecting the data, the head researcher and the assistant researcher separately watched the videos and scored them by using the Premature Infant Pain Profile-Revised (PIPP-R). Outcome measures: The difference of pain scores (PIIP-R) between two groups. Results: There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of PIPP-R scores during and after the sampling (p = 0.008 and p = 0.03 respectively). The PIPP-R scores at the beginning of the procedure were not found to be significantly different between the groups (p > 0.05).

Conclusions:
Inhalation of lavender scent is effective in pain control in premature infants. It is safe and low cost; it does not interfere with medical care.

Keywords: aromatherapy; heel lancing; lavender oil; newborn; pain; smell.

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Publication types
Randomized Controlled Trial
MeSH terms
Aromatherapy*
Blood Specimen Collection / adverse effects
Double-Blind Method
Facial Expression
Female
Heart Rate / physiology
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / physiology*
Lavandula
Male
Oils, Volatile / therapeutic use*
Pain / etiology
Pain Management / methods*
Plant Oils / therapeutic use*
Substances
Oils, Volatile
Plant Oils
lavender oil
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