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ama

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Impfschaden: Knast!
« on: February 23, 2009, 05:14:43 PM »

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Administrators Urged Not to Accept Non-Immunized Students

KINGSTON (JIS):
Wednesday, August 20, 2008

Acting Head, Family Health Services in the Ministry of Health, Dr. Yvonne Munroe, is urging school administrators not to accept students who do not meet the prescribed immunization requirements for the new school term.

Instead, Dr. Munroe is requesting that these students be sent to the relevant health centres to be vaccinated before admission, except in extenuating circumstances.

"The principals should not admit them; they need to refer them to the health centre, so they can be seen and given the necessary vaccine," she told JIS News.

Citing the immunization law, Dr. Munroe cautioned Principals to be cognisant of the corresponding penalties that apply to those who are non-compliant. The Act states that all children under the age of seven should be fully immunized before entry into schools. This, Dr. Munroe noted, included nurseries, day-care centres and basic schools, not just primary schools.

Dr. Munroe made a plea to principals to be vigilant in their efforts, warning that, "if they accept these children, they will be liable for prosecution in the Resident Magistrate's Court, for a fine not exceeding $500 or imprisonment for a term not exceeding 30 days."

"This $500 fine is per child, so if you have 10 students in your school who are not fully immunized, that is $5,000," she added.


Dr. Munroe said the schools are aware of the immunization schedule, as the Ministry of Health has conducted training with a number of early childhood teachers, to make them aware of the schedule. She informed that they should therefore check each child's immunization card, and take the requisite measures.

She advised parents to draw on the services offered by Government health facilities, particularly the health centres, where the vaccines can be accessed at no cost.

"If they go to their private doctors or paediatricians, they will have to pay for the vaccine, but if they go to the health centres, they don't have to pay," she explained.

Dr. Munroe is also appealing to parents who are uncertain of their children's immunization status, to go with them to the health centre, with the immunization card, so that a Health Care Nurse can determine their immunization status. For parents with no record of the children's immunization status, she is recommending that they visit the centre where the child was immunized, as a record of his or her immunization status should be kept there.

Minister of Health and Environment, Rudyard Spencer, in his Sectoral Debate presentation on June 3, also implored principals to refrain from accepting children who were not adequately vaccinated. He asked that school principals contact the nearest Public Health Department, with a list of the names of those students who did not present their immunization cards to the institution.

"We will use the law governing immunization to prosecute persons who prevent children from being vaccinated, if necessary," the Minister said.

"If we want to keep Jamaica free of measles, polio, rubella and other vaccine preventable diseases, we must get serious and implement the strategies, which we know will work," Mr. Spencer emphasised.

In keeping with back-to-school public education efforts and the overall thrust of the Ministry to increase vaccination coverage, the Kingston and
St. Andrew Health Department, will be staging an Immunization Fair at the Mico Practising School from August 21 to 23. The Fair will be held from 10:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. on the first two days and from 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. on Saturday, August 23. The Ministry will also be airing Public Service Announcements in the media, to remind parents to ensure that their children are immunized.
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I love Jamaica:
http://jis.gov.jm/health/html/20080820t100000-0500_16398_
jis_administrators_urged_not_to_accept_non_immunized_students.asp

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ama

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Impfschaden: Knast!
« Reply #1 on: February 23, 2009, 05:26:55 PM »

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Ministry of Health

Immunize Children to Protect Against Diseases - Dr. Lewis-Bell

KINGSTON (JIS)
Tuesday, August 23, 2005

Director of Family Health Services in the Ministry of Health, Dr. Karen Lewis-Bell, has called on young mothers to immunize their infants in order to minimize exposure to life threatening diseases, which kill an estimated three million children worldwide every year.

Dr. Lewis-Bell, who spoke to JIS News in a recent interview, pointed to a decline in the Ministry's immunization programme, with the average national coverage last year at 77 per cent, down from a high of 90 per cent in past years.

"We have been slipping," she lamented, citing statistics, which showed a drop in BCG coverage to 84 per cent, while vaccination for polio and hepatitis B had declined to 71 per cent and 76 per cent, respectively.

The doctor blamed the decline on the generation of young mothers, who have little or no knowledge of the devastation wreaked by outbreaks of diseases such as poliomyelitis in 1982. Approximately 18,000 persons were estimated to have been affected by poliomyelitis that year, and 20 cases of death and 60 cases of paralysis were recorded. "They [mothers of today] don't have a mental picture of how bad these diseases can be, and therefore there has been complacency," she opined.

In addition, she noted that with the emergence of HIV and other chronic/non-communicable diseases, "people have forgotten that some of these vaccine preventable diseases like poliomyelitis, measles, and diphtheria are still around."

Dr. Lewis-Bell listed polio, diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, pneumonia and meningitis as diseases that infants and young children could contract if not given the appropriate vaccines during their early years.

She warned that these illnesses could be fatal. "Not only do they cause illness but they cause death or a lot of consequences (and) if the person does not die, there can be paralysis, mental retardation, so these diseases are quite serious," she pointed out.

The Ministry of Health provides vaccines free of cost to parents and Dr. Lewis-Bell is encouraging all mothers to have their infants vaccinated at their first post-natal visit at six weeks, then at three months, at five or six months, and then when the child is one-year old.

The first three vaccines given to the infant includes the polio and pentavalent vaccine, and the haemophilus influenza Type B vaccine. The latter vaccine, according to the doctor, is administered to prevent meningitis, pneumonia and ear infections.

"With immunization, either a weakened or killed form of the germ that causes the disease is introduced into the body," the doctor explained, noting that the process strengthened the body's immune response by producing special proteins known as antibodies.

The antibodies help the body to ward off diseases if exposed to the natural germ. Furthermore, she said, the antibodies were circulated in the blood and would recognise the germ as a foreign substance and protect against the germ by replicating in numbers in the body.

Under the Public Health Act, all children less than seven years of age are to be vaccinated before they are allowed to enter school. The law extends beyond primary-level schooling and includes early childhood institutions such as day care centres, nurseries and basic schools.

Dr. Lewis-Bell said that while "we [the Health Ministry] have the law and can prosecute under the law, we would rather try to educate the parents and explain to them the reason so they can make an informed decision and come in willingly to have their children vaccinated."

The Ministry of Health, she informed, has a network of over 350 health centres across the island where vaccinations are provided.
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I love Jamaica:
http://www.jis.gov.jm/health/html/20050822T120000-0500_6618_
JIS_IMMUNIZE_CHILDREN_TO_PROTECT_AGAINST_DISEASES___DR__LEWIS_BELL.asp

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ama

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Impfschaden: Knast!
« Reply #2 on: February 23, 2009, 05:35:50 PM »

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IMMUNIZATION ISSUES

Wise parents recognise that immunization is actually an insurance against serious diseases. Indeed, it is mandatory that students are adequately or fully immunized before entering any school.

What is Immunization?

Immunization is the process by which an individual is protected from acquiring a disease.

When someone is immunized, he or she is given a series of vaccines which can be taken by mouth (orally) or injected. These vaccines help the body to fight diseases.

Under the Public Health Act of 1974 and the Immunization Regulations of 1986, all children under the age of seven must be immunized before entry into school. These include Day Care, Nursery and other Early Childhood and Primary schools.

Parents of children in Secondary schools should verify if their children have received all their vaccines. Children, who have not received all of their vaccines, should be taken to the Government Health Centres, or their private medical practitioners to be immunized before re-entering schools.

The Public Health Act, also stipulates that persons authorised to admit children to schools, should not admit any child without his or her immunization card. If the child is already admitted, he/she should not be permitted to continue, unless the parents produce the document.

Any parent, guardian, health worker, principal or operator of a school who fails to comply with the law is guilty of an offence, and can be charged a fine of $500 for every child that is not adequately or fully immunized, or be imprisoned for a term not exceeding 30 days.

PARENTS! GUARDIANS!
Is Your Child Fully Immunized?

No child will be allowed in school unless he or she is immunized against:
Tuberculosis (TB)
Diphtheria
Tetanus (Lock Jaw)
Poliomyelitis
Mumps
Measles
Rubella (German Measles)
Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
Haemophilus Influenza B
Hepatitis B

Immunize Your Child Today






Copyright (c) Jamaica Information Service 2008. All Rights Reserved.
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I love Jamaica:
http://www.jis.gov.jm/special_sections/back_to_school/immunization.html

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